Identifying Modern Slavery in the Care Sector (Workers Being Exploited)

Identifying potential cases of modern slavery in the care sector requires careful observation and attention to specific signs and indicators. Exploitation can occur in various care settings, such as residential homes, nursing facilities, or home care services. Here are some key points to consider when identifying modern slavery in the care sector:

Working Conditions:

  • Observe if care workers are consistently working long hours without sufficient breaks or rest periods.
  • Notice if they appear exhausted, fatigued, or physically strained from extended periods of work.
  • Pay attention to workers who lack proper protective gear or are not provided with necessary equipment to perform their duties safely.

Restricted Freedom and Control:

  • Observe if care workers are excessively monitored, closely supervised, or constantly accompanied by someone while performing their tasks.
  • Notice if workers have limited freedom of movement or lack control over their personal decisions.
  • Pay attention to workers who lack access to their own identification documents or have restricted access to communication means.

Poor Working Conditions and Treatment:

  • Observe if care workers are subjected to verbal or physical abuse, including threats, intimidation, or humiliation.
  • Notice if workers appear fearful, anxious, or submissive in their behaviour.
  • Pay attention to signs of inadequate living conditions, such as overcrowded or unsuitable accommodation provided by the employer.

Lack of Employment Rights and Fair Treatment:

  • Observe if care workers are not provided with proper employment contracts, pay slips, or other legal documentation.
  • Notice if workers are not receiving fair wages, face salary deductions without valid reasons, or have their wages withheld.
  • Pay attention to workers who express a lack of control over their finances or are coerced into sharing their earnings with the employer.

Coercion and Control:

  • Observe if care workers display signs of being controlled through threats, coercion, or manipulation by their employers or supervisors.
  • Notice if workers express fear of reporting mistreatment or abuse due to potential repercussions.
  • Pay attention to workers who lack autonomy in decision-making, including limitations on contact with their families or outside support networks.

If you observe any of these signs or indicators, it is important to report your concerns to the appropriate authorities or organisations equipped to handle cases of modern slavery. Contact the local law enforcement agency, labour rights organisations, or the Sandwell Council Modern Slavery Team to ensure that the situation is properly investigated, and necessary actions are taken to protect the workers involved. Your vigilance and action can contribute to combating modern slavery and ensuring the well-being of those working in the care sector.