Housing in Multiple Occupation (HMO)
What is a HMO?
A HMO (Housing in Multiple Occupation) is when you have a minimum of 3 people in 2 households living together who are sharing amenities. If there are 5 or more people in 2 or more households, then this property must have a HMO Licence.
For more information then please visit: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2004/34/section/254
To be classed as a HMO, a building, or part of, must fall into one of these categories:
- A building or flat in which more than one household shares a basic amenity, e.g. bathroom, toilet or cooking facilities. This is known as the 'standard test' or the 'self-contained flat test'.
- A building that has been converted and does not entirely comprise of self-contained flats. This is known as the 'converted building test'.
- A building that is declared a HMO by the local authority.
- A converted block of flats where the standard of the conversion does not meet the relevant building standards and fewer than two-thirds of the flats are owner-occupied.
There are 3 main types of HMOs:
One type of HMO is Shared Housing. For example, a group of friends or students move into a property. They have their own bedrooms, but they will share any kitchens and/or bathrooms. They are often on the same tenancy agreement which means that they will move in and out of the property at the same time.
Another type of HMO is a Bedsit Accommodation. This is where rooms are let to tenants individually, and don't know each other. The tenants have their own tenancy agreements which means that they will move in and out of the property at different times. Even though some won't be sharing, there may be some element of sharing either kitchens or bathrooms or both.
One other type of HMO is Studio Accommodation. This is where the room(s) a tenant occupies has all the amenities they need behind their own front door, although it may be in a block of flats, converted house or building. These properties must meet the minimum sizes in order to be classed as self contained by planning. For any further information on these sizes then please contact Planning Control via email: Planning_Enforcement@sandwell.gov.uk.
You can ask us any questions about this through email: Landlord_Licensing@sandwell.gov.uk or by phone 0121 569 1177 option 7.
Please note that the type of HMO that you have, or plan on having, may affect the type of fire protection you need. It is also extremely essential that you are familiar with what is needed in HMOs, such as extra Fire Precautions, Management Regulations, Room Sizes and any Amenities that you will need. Failure to comply with any of these HMO Standards could result in unlimited fines or a Civil Penalty of £1000 per offence.
Pages in "Housing in Multiple Occupation (HMO)"
- You are here What is a HMO?
- HMO Licence Fee's
- Apply for a HMO Licence
- Does my HMO need a Licence?
- How do I get a HMO Licence?
- How long will it take?
- What should I expect?
- What happens If I am not a Fit and Proper Person?
- What about Non-Licensable HMO's?
- Can you refuse me a Licence?
- Temporary Exemption Notices (TEN)
- Can I Appeal the refusal of my Licence?
- Can I apply to have my Licence Varied?
- What are the Conditions attached to the Licence?
- What happens if I don't Licence my HMO?
- What Standards do I need to Maintain in a HMO?
- Licensable HMO Room Sizes
- The Management Regulations
- What are Amenity Standards?
- What are the Duties of Tenants?
- Tenant Fees Act
- Fire safety in HMO’s
- Waste collection in HMO's